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  1. “I think we often may overlook the impact of just witnessing violence or living in communities with higher violence,” Theall told Reuters Health by email. “Furthermore, it’s important to think about the connections between community violence (often stemming from larger structural forces and lack of infrastructure and investment in some neighborhoods), what that does for violence and other stressors in the home, and the ultimate impact on those most vulnerable like children.”
  2. The U.S. has the highest maternal mortality rate in the developed world, and Louisiana consistently ranks among the top states for rates of death among pregnant and postpartum women. Dr. Maeve Wallace studies pregnancy-associated mortality and the state-level policies that could be contributing to the higher rates seen in Louisiana and the U.S. more broadly. Wallace and her team will also look at how factors including income inequality, structural racism and residential segregation play a role in the increased mortality rate among black women, who are currently three to four times more likely than white women to die during pregnancy or post-partum periods.
  3. Tulane University epidemiologist Maeve Wallace compared the geographic data from the March of Dimes' analysis of maternal care to the 112 maternal deaths in the state in 2016, the most recent data available. According to her findings, women in these "maternity care deserts" had a threefold higher risk for deaths directly related to the pregnancy, such as severe bleeding or preeclampsia, a dangerous complication involving high blood pressure.
  4. In honor of Teen Dating Violence Awareness Month in February, LPHI hosted a webinar discussing the perceptions of young people in New Orleans on adolescent dating violence. The webinar covers data from interviews conducted by LPHI and Dr. Aubrey Madkour from the Tulane University School of Public Health and Topical Medicine as well as information from Jennifer Taylor of the New Orleans Family Justice Center.
  5. The VPI has won a grant from the Pincus Family Foundation to create a Violence Prevention Scholarship which connects graduate students with VPI faculty and community partners! This interdisciplinary program will be based in the Master's of Public Health program, but will integrate faculty from across all schools at Tulane, particularly the School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, the School of Medicine and the School of Social Work. Scholars will be immersed in an innovative new training initiative focused on building skills to effectively integrate with community organizations and co-develop programs designed to mitigate the effects of violence and, in the long-term, prevent the intergenerational transmission of violence and its health impacts. The initiative will focus on the lives of children throughout New Orleans, with an emphasis on Central City, and places throughout the city where children are most affected by violence.
  6. The U.S. is the most dangerous nation in the developed world in which to give birth, and Louisiana is among the states with the highest maternal death rates. Dr. Maeve Wallace, a reproductive and perinatal epidemiologist and researcher at Tulane's School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, has received two grants totaling $2.4 million to study pregnancy-associated mortality to study potential reasons why.
  7. Maeve Wallace, PhD, studies maternal mortality. Specifically, she studies the violent deaths of pregnant and postpartum women. After a 24-year-long ban, the federal government made funds available to study gun-violence and gun-violence prevention through the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the National Institutes of Health (NIH).
  8. A book from the 1950s helped form Douglas Wiebe’s study of gun violence. Wiebe, associate professor of biostatistics and epidemiology at the University of Pennsylvania’s Perelman School of Medicine, presented the study as part of the Jane Wilson Smith Lectureship Series at the Tulane University School of Public Health and was co-sponsored by the Mary Amelia Douglas-Whited Community Women's Health Education Center (MAC). Wiebe is working with MAC on a similar local project, too, said director Katherine Theall.
  9. The National Institutes of Health awarded a $146,000 research grant to Drs. Maeve Wallace and Dovile Vilda of the Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine to study how state gun laws may reduce homicide among women who are pregnant or have recently given birth. The school is among the first to receive federal funding for gun violence research after a nearly 24-year ban by Congress.
  10. Dr. Thomas LaVeist has an illustrious professional track record researching the nature and causes of racial health disparities and inequities. As the new Dean of the Tulane Public Health School, he sees an opportunity to make a difference in a region that most needs a difference. Dean LaVeist notes that “we’re in a city that has all of the urban health problems of every other big city in this country. We’re in a state that has all of the rural health problems of every other part of rural America. And we’re in the Southeast United States, which is the epicenter for inequities, both historically as well as today.”
  11. Women living in maternal health care “deserts” will face greater health and well-being risks if a draft opinion from the Supreme Court overturning Roe v. Wade leads to state abortion bans, experts say.


  1. Epidemiology
    1. Chaparro, M. P., Bilfield, A., & Theall, K. P. (2019). Exposure to Neighborhood Crime Is Associated with Lower Levels of Physical Activity and Higher Obesity Risk among Adolescent Girls, but Not Boys. Childhood Obesity, 15(2), 87-92.
    2. Guyon-Harris, K. L., Humphreys, K. L., Fox, N. A., Nelson, C. A., & Zeanah, C. H. (2019). Signs of attachment disorders and social functioning among early adolescents with a history of institutional care. Child abuse & neglect, 88, 96-106.
    1. Humphreys, K. L., Miron, D., McLaughlin, K. A., Sheridan, M. A., Nelson, C. A., Fox, N. A., & Zeanah, C. H. (2018). Foster care promotes adaptive functioning in early adolescence among children who experienced severe, early deprivation. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 59(7), 811-821.
    2. Temple, J. R., Choi, H. J., Reuter, T., Wolfe, D., Taylor, C. A., Madigan, S., & Scott, L. E. (2018). Childhood corporal punishment and future perpetration of physical dating violence. The Journal of pediatrics, 194, 233-237.
    1. Afifi, T. O., Ford, D., Gershoff, E. T., Merrick, M., Grogan-Kaylor, A., Ports, K. A., Taylor, C. A., & Bennett, R. P. (2017). Spanking and adult mental health impairment: The case for the designation of spanking as an adverse childhood experience. Child Abuse & Neglect, 71, 24-31.
    2. Althoff, M. D., Theall, K., Schmidt, N., Hembling, J., Gebrekristos, H. T., Thompson, M. M., ... & Kissinger, P. (2017). Social Support Networks and HIV/STI Risk Behaviors Among Latino Immigrants in a New Receiving Environment. AIDS and Behavior, 1-11.
    3. Burnette, C. E., Ferreira, R. J., & Buttell, F. (2017). Male parenting attitudes and batterer intervention: Assessing child maltreatment risk. Research on Social Work Practice, 27(4), 468-477.
    4. Carlson, J., Allen, C. T., Leek, C., Storer, H., Casey, E., & Tolman, R. M. (2017). Participants’ Perceptions of the Nature of Events Aimed at Engaging Men to Eliminate Gender-Based Violence. Global Social Welfare, 4(2), 91-103.
    5. Casey, E. A., Tolman, R. M., Carlson, J., Allen, C. T., & Storer, H. L. (2017). What motivates men’s involvement in gender-based violence prevention? Latent class profiles and correlates in an international sample of men. Men and Masculinities, 20(3), 294-316.
    6. Chen, X., Liang, N., & Ostertag, S. F. (2017). Victimization of Children Left Behind in Rural China. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 54(4), 515-543.
    7. Felker-Kantor, E., Wallace, M., & Theall, K. (2017). Living in violence: neighborhood domestic violence and small for gestational age births. Health & Place, 46, 130-136.
    8. Gage, A. J., & Thomas, N. J. (2017). Women’s Work, Gender Roles, and Intimate Partner Violence in Nigeria. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 46(7), 1923-1938.
    9. Harville, E. W., Miller, K. S., & Knoepp, L. R. (2017). Racial and social predictors of longitudinal cervical measures: the Cervical Ultrasound Study. Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey, 72(9), 527-528.
    10. Kemnitz, R., Kuehl, T. C., Hochstatter, K. R., Barker, E., Corey, A., Jacobs, E. A., Ehlenback, W. J., Seal, D. W., Sosman, J. M., & Westergaard, R. P. (2017). Manifestations of HIV stigma and their impact on retention in care for people transitioning from prisons to communities. Health & Justice, 5(1), 7.
    11. Latimer, J., Fleckman, J., Wallace, M., Rountree, M., and Theall, K. (2017). The Influence of Violence Victimization on Sexual Health Behaviors and Outcomes. AIDS Patient Care and STDs, 31(5), 237-244.
    12. Loeliger, K. B., Biggs, M. L., Young, R., Seal, D. W., Beckwith, C. G., Kuo, I., ... & Young, J. D. (2017). Gender differences in HIV risk behaviors among persons involved in the US criminal justice system and living with HIV or at risk for HIV: a “seek, test, treat, and retain” harmonization consortium. AIDS and Behavior, 1-13.
    13. Taylor, C. A., Fleckman, J. M., & Lee, S. J. (2017). Attitudes, beliefs, and perceived norms about corporal punishment and related training needs among members of the “American Professional Society on the Abuse of Children”. Child Abuse & Neglect, 71, 56-68.
    14. Theall, K. P., Shirtcliff, E. A., Dismukes, A. R., Wallace, M., & Drury, S. S. (2017). Association between neighborhood violence and biological stress in children. JAMA Pediatrics, 171(1), 53-60.
    15. Wallace, M. E., Green, C., Richardson, L., Theall, K., & Crear-Perry, J. (2017). “Look at the Whole Me”: A Mixed-Methods Examination of Black Infant Mortality in the US through Women’s Lived Experiences and Community Context. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 14(7), 727.
    16. Wallace, M., Crear-Perry, J., Richardson, L., Tarver, M., & Theall, K. (2017). Separate and unequal: Structural racism and infant mortality in the US. Health & Place, 45, 140-144.
    17. Vail, W. L., Niyogi, A., Henderson, N., & Wennerstrom, A. (2017). Bringing it all back home: Understanding the medical difficulties encountered by newly released prisoners in New Orleans, Louisiana–a qualitative study. Health & Social Care in the Community, 25(4), 1448-1458.
    1. Fleckman, J. M., Drury, S. S., Taylor, C. A., & Theall, K. P. (2016). Role of direct and indirect violence exposure on externalizing behavior in children. Journal of Urban Health, 93(3), 479-492.
    2. Gage, A. J. (2016). Exposure to spousal violence in the family, attitudes and dating violence perpetration among high school students in Port-au-Prince. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 31(14), 2445-2474.
    3. Kaplan, K. C., Hormes, J. M., Wallace, M., Rountree, M., & Theall, K. P. (2016). Racial Discrimination and HIV-related Risk Behaviors in Southeast Louisiana. American Journal of Health Behavior, 40(1), 132-143.
    4. Schliep K, Mumford S, Johnstone E, Peterson MC, Sharp H, Stanford J, Zhen C, Backonja U, Wallace ME, Buck Louis G. (2016). Sexual and physical abuse and gynecologic disorders. Human Reproduction, 31(8):1904-12.
    5. Wallace, M. E., Hoyert, D., Williams, C., & Mendola, P. (2016). Pregnancy-associated homicide and suicide in 37 US states with enhanced pregnancy surveillance. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 215(3), 364-e1.
    1. Barcelona de Mendoza, V., Harville, E. W., Savage, J., & Giarratano, G. (2015). Experiences of intimate partner and neighborhood violence and their association with mental health in pregnant women. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 0886260515613346.
    2. Humphreys, K. L., Gleason, M. M., Drury, S. S., Miron, D., Nelson, C. A., Fox, N. A., & Zeanah, C. H. (2015). Effects of institutional rearing and foster care on psychopathology at age 12 years in Romania: follow-up of an open, randomised controlled trial. The Lancet Psychiatry, 2(7), 625-634.
    3. Gray, S. A., Forbes, D., Briggs-Gowan, M. J., & Carter, A. S. (2015). Caregiver insightfulness and young children’s violence exposure: testing a relational model of risk and resilience. Attachment & Human Development, 17(6), 615-634.
    4. Jacobs, M. B., Boynton-Jarrett, R. D., & Harville, E. W. (2015). Adverse childhood event experiences, fertility difficulties and menstrual cycle characteristics. Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics & Gynecology, 36(2), 46-57.
    5. McLaughlin, K. A., Sheridan, M. A., Tibu, F., Fox, N. A., Zeanah, C. H., & Nelson, C. A. (2015). Causal effects of the early caregiving environment on development of stress response systems in children. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 112(18), 5637-5642.
    6. Nanney, J. T., Conrad, E. J., McCloskey, M., & Constans, J. I. (2015). Criminal Behavior and Repeat Violent Trauma: A Case–Control Study. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 49(3), 395-401.
    7. Roh, S., Burnette, C. E., Lee, K. H., Lee, Y. S., Easton, S. D., & Lawler, M. J. (2015). Risk and protective factors for depressive symptoms among American Indian older adults: Adverse childhood experiences and social support. Aging & Mental Health, 19(4), 371-380.
    1. Kim, J., Lee, S. J., Taylor, C. A., & Guterman, N. (2014). Dyadic profiles of parental disciplinary behavior and links with parenting context. Child Maltreatment, 19(2), 79-91.
    2. Leff, S. S., Baker, C. N., Waasdorp, T. E., Vaughn, N. A., Bevans, K. B., Thomas, N. A., ... & Monopoli, W. J. (2014). Social cognitions, distress, and leadership self-efficacy: Associations with aggression for high-risk minority youth. Development and Psychopathology, 26(3), 759-772.
    3. Madkour, A. S., Xie, Y., & Harville, E. (2014). Pre-Pregnancy Dating Violence and Birth Outcomes Among Adolescent Mothers in a National Sample. Journal of Interpersonal Violence.
    4. Ruiz, R. L., Shah, M. K., Lewis, M. L., & Theall, K. P. (2014). Perceived access to health services and provider information and adverse birth outcomes: findings from LaPRAMS, 2007-2008. Southern Medical Journal, 107(3), 137-143.
    5. Seal. D.W., Nguyen, A., & Beyer, K. (2014). Youth exposure to violence in an urban setting. Urban Studies Research, vol. 2014.
    1. Harrington, J. L., Lewis, M. L., Brinthaupt, T. M., & Turnage, B. F. (2013). The Relationship between Race-Based Self-Talk among African-American Women and Poor Birth Outcomes. International Journal of Childbirth Education, 28(3).
    2. Lee, S. J., Taylor, C. A., Altschul, I., & Rice, J. C. (2013). Parental spanking and subsequent risk for child aggression in father-involved families of young children. Children and Youth Services Review, 35(9), 1476-1485.
    3. Mills, J., Burton, N., Schmidt, N., Salinas, O., Hembling, J., Aran, A., ... & Kissinger, P. (2013). Sex and drug risk behavior pre-and post-emigration among Latino migrant men in post-Hurricane Katrina New Orleans. Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health, 15(3), 606-613.
    4. Moran, T. E., Larrieu, J. A., Zeanah, P., Evenson, A., & Valliere, J. (2013). "Depressia" in Post-Katrina New Orleans: Cultural and Contextual Adaptations to Group Interpersonal Psychotherapy. Zero to Three, 33(6), 23-30.
    5. Morris, A. S., John, A., Halliburton, A. L., Morris, M. D., Robinson, L. R., Myers, S. S., Aucoin, K. J., Keyes, A. W., & Terranova, A. (2013). Effortful Control, Behavior Problems, and Peer Relations: What Predicts Academic Adjustment in Kindergartners from Low-Income Families?. Early Education & Development, 24(6), 813-828.
    6. Harville, E. W., & Boynton-Jarrett, R. (2013). Childhood social hardships and fertility: a prospective cohort study. Annals of Epidemiology, 23(12), 784-790.
    7. Pritchett, R., Fitzpatrick, B., Watson, N., Cotmore, R., Wilson, P., Bryce, G., ... & Larrieu, J. (2013). A feasibility randomised controlled trial of the New Orleans intervention for infant mental health: a study protocol. The Scientific World Journal, 2013.
    8. Theall, K. P., Brett, Z. H., Shirtcliff, E. A., Dunn, E. C., & Drury, S. S. (2013). Neighborhood disorder and telomeres: Connecting children's exposure to community level stress and cellular response. Social Science & Medicine, 85, 50-58.
    9. Waasdorp, T. E., Baker, C. N., Paskewich, B. S., & Leff, S. S. (2013). The association between forms of aggression, leadership, and social status among urban youth. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 42(2), 263-274.
    10. Wallace, M., Harville, E., Theall, K., Webber, L., Chen, W., & Berenson, G. (2013). Neighborhood poverty, allostatic load, and birth outcomes in African American and white women: Findings from the Bogalusa Heart Study. Health & Place, 24, 260-266.
    1. Clum, G. A., Chung, S. E., Ellen, J. M., Perez, L. V., Murphy, D. A., Harper, G. W., & Hamvas, L. (2012). Victimization and sexual risk behavior in young, HIV positive women: exploration of mediators. AIDS and Behavior, 16(4), 999-1010.
    2. Francois, S., Overstreet, S., & Cunningham, M. (2012). Where we live: The unexpected influence of urban neighborhoods on the academic performance of African American adolescents. Youth & Society, 44(2), 307-328.
    3. Kissinger, P., Kovacs, S., Anderson-Smits, C., Schmidt, N., Salinas, O., Hembling, J., ... & Shedlin, M. (2012). Patterns and predictors of HIV/STI risk among Latino migrant men in a new receiving community. AIDS and Behavior, 16(1), 199-213.
    4. Mancoske, R. J., Lewis, M. L., Bowers-Stephens, C., & Ford, A. (2012). Cultural competence and children's mental health service outcomes. Journal of Ethnic And Cultural Diversity in Social Work, 21(3), 195-211.
    5. Reilly, K. H., Wang, J., Zhu, Z., Li, S., Yang, T., Ding, G., Kissinger, P., & Wang, N. (2012). HIV and associated risk factors among male clients of female sex workers in a Chinese border region. Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 39(10), 750.
    6. Seal, D. W., Parisot, M., & DiFranceisco, W. (2012). Substance use and sexual behavior among men prior to parole revocation: Prevalence and correlates. Journal of Correctional Health Care, 18(2), 96-104.
    7. Smyke, A. T., Zeanah, C. H., Gleason, M. M., Drury, S. S., Fox, N. A., Nelson, C. A., & Guthrie, D. (2012). A randomized controlled trial comparing foster care and institutional care for children with signs of reactive attachment disorder. American Journal of Psychiatry, 169(5), 508-514.
    8. Theall, K. P., Drury, S. S., & Shirtcliff, E. A. (2012). Cumulative neighborhood risk of psychosocial stress and allostatic load in adolescents. American Journal of Epidemiology, 176(7), S164-S174.
    1. Breidenstine, A. S., Bailey, L. O., Zeanah, C. H., & Larrieu, J. A. (2011). Attachment and trauma in early childhood: A review. Journal of Child & Adolescent Trauma, 4(4), 274-290.
    2. Madkour, A. S., Johnson, C. C., Clum, G. A., & Brown, L. (2011). Disaster and youth violence: The experience of school-attending youth in New Orleans. Journal of Adolescent Health, 49(2), 213-215.
    3. Salloum, A., Carter, P., Burch, B., Garfinkel, A., & Overstreet, S. (2011). Impact of exposure to community violence, Hurricane Katrina, and Hurricane Gustav on posttraumatic stress and depressive symptoms among school age children. Anxiety, Stress, & Coping, 24(1), 27-42.
    1. Gage, A. J., & Silvestre, E. A. (2010). Maternal violence, victimization, and child physical punishment in Peru. Child Abuse & Neglect, 34(7), 523-533.
    2. Harville, E. W., Boynton-Jarrett, R., Power, C., & Hyppönen, E. (2010). Childhood hardship, maternal smoking, and birth outcomes: a prospective cohort study. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 164(6), 533-539.
    3. Harville, E., Taylor, C. A., Tesfai, H., Xiong, X., Buekens, P. (2010). Experience of Hurricane Katrina and Reported Intimate Partner Violence. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 26(4), 833-845.
    4. Madkour, A. S., Martin, S. L., Halpern, C. T., & Schoenbach, V. J. (2010). Area disadvantage and intimate partner homicide: An ecological analysis of North Carolina counties, 2004–2006. Violence and Victims, 25(3), 363.
    5. Overstreet, S., Salloum, A., & Badour, C. (2010). A school-based assessment of secondary stressors and adolescent mental health 18-months post-Katrina. Journal of School Psychology, 48(5), 413-431.
    6. Smyke, A. T., Zeanah, C. H., Fox, N. A., Nelson, C. A., & Guthrie, D. (2010). Placement in foster care enhances quality of attachment among young institutionalized children. Child Development, 81(1), 212-223.
    7. Taylor, C. A., Manganello, J. A., Lee, S. J., & Rice, J. C. (2010). Mothers' spanking of 3-year-old children and subsequent risk of children's aggressive behavior. Pediatrics, 125(5), e1057-e1065.
    1. Clum, G. A., Andrinopoulos, K., Muessig, K., Ellen, J. M., & Adolescent Medicine Trials Network for HIV/AIDS Interventions. (2009). Child abuse in young, HIV-positive women: linkages to risk. Qualitative Health Research, 19(12), 1755-1768.
    2. Guterman, N. B., Lee, S. J., Taylor, C. A., & Rathouz, P. J. (2009). Parental perceptions of neighborhood processes, stress, personal control, and risk for physical child abuse and neglect. Child abuse & neglect, 33(12), 897-906.
    3. Halpern CT, Spriggs AL, Martin SL, Kupper L. (2009). Patterns of intimate partner violence victimization from adolescence to young adulthood in a nationally representative sample. Journal of Adolescent Health. 45(5):508-16.
    4. Scribner, R. A., Theall, K. P., Simonsen, N. R., Mason, K. E., & Yu, Q. (2009). Misspecification of the effect of race in fixed effects models of health inequalities. Social Science & Medicine, 69(11), 1584-1591.
    5. Spriggs AL, Halpern CT, Martin SL. (2009). Continuity of adolescent and early adult partner violence victimization: Association with witnessing violent crime in adolescence. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. 63:741-748.
    6. Taylor, C. A., Guterman, N. B., Lee, S. J., & Rathouz, P. J. (2009). Intimate partner violence, maternal stress, nativity, and risk for maternal maltreatment of young children. American Journal of Public Health, 99(1), 175-183.
    1. Reed, T. J., Goldstein, S. E., Morris, A. S., & Keyes, A. W. (2008). Relational aggression in mothers and children: Links with psychological control and child adjustment. Sex Roles, 59(1-2), 39-48.